Wine and addiction alcoholism Psychology Psychologie, le vin et les addictions alcoolisme. pompette une bande dessinée sur l’alcoolisme. a comics about alcoholism

POMPETTE (2021)

FRANÇAIS

“Il y a alcoolisme lorsqu’un individu a perdu la liberté de s’abstenir de boire de l’alcool” – FOUQUET

L’alcoolisme est un tabou social, on ne parle pas de l’alcoolisme, on ne parle pas des femmes qui boivent. Les femmes qui boivent, quelle que soit la situation, sont beaucoup jugées, principalement comme immorales, moins vertueuses, moins sophistiquées, moins rationnelles. Elles sont considérées comme sexuellement plus ouvertes, c’est un code social “je bois donc je suis sexuellement disponible”. 

Les femmes qui boivent sont considérées comme de mauvaises mères, de mauvaises femmes, puisque pas vraiment féminines. Une femme qui boit sera toujours considérée consentante. Elles pactisent avec l’alcool, meilleur ami du violeur.

ENGLISH

“There is alcoholism when an individual has lost the freedom to refrain from drinking alcohol”- FOUQUET 

Alcoholism is a social taboo, we don’t talk about alcoholism, we don’t talk about women who drink. Women who drink, no matter the situation, are judged a lot, mainly as immoral, less virtuous, less sophisticated, less rational. They are seen as sexually more open, it’s a social code “I drink therefore I am sexually available”

Women who drink are considered bad mothers, bad women, since they are not really feminine.A woman who drinks will always be considered consenting. They make a pact with alcohol, the rapist’s best friend.


Les addictions sont des pathologies cérébrales définies par une dépendance à une substance ou à une activité aux conséquences délétères. Cette conduite d’excès s’inscrit dans une jouissance qui va “au-delà du principe de plaisir” (Freud, 1920). Les dépendants sont des ” esclaves de la quantité ” (McDougall, 2001).  

L’éthanol, présent dans l’alcool, est la substance psychoactive responsable des effets des boissons alcoolisées. Deux phases se succèdent : d’abord, c’est la désinhibition, l’excitation psychique et motrice, l’effet pompette. Après la sédation, on se sent lourd, fatigué. Si vous répétez ce comportement de manière régulière et excessive, vous risquez de vous installer dans la maladie alcoolique.

Addictions are cerebral pathologies defined by a dependence on a substance or an activity with deleterious consequences. This conduct of excess is part of an enjoyment that goes “beyond the pleasure principle” (Freud, 1920). Addicts are “slaves of quantity” (McDougall, 2001).  

Ethanol, found in alcohol, is the psychoactive substance responsible for the effects of alcoholic beverages. Two phases follow: first, it is the disinhibition, the psychic and motor arousal, the tipsy (pompette in French) effect. After the sedation, you feel heavy, tired. If you repeat this behavior regularly and excessively, you risk settling into alcoholic illness.

Une obsession pour l’alcool (craving) et des signes de manque (tremblements, sueurs) apparaissent lorsqu’on ne boit pas. Comme l’effet de l’alcool perd progressivement de sa force, les doses quotidiennes sont augmentées pour retrouver les effets des premières fois.

La maladie alcoolique se traduit par la perte de la liberté de ne pas boire (liberté d’être sobre), accompagnée de complications médicales, psychologiques et sociales (comme la désocialisation progressive). C’est une maladie multifactorielle tant au niveau des causes que des manifestations et des effets. Son développement et son évolution s’inscrivent dans un continuum avec de fortes variations individuelles.

An obsession with alcohol (craving) and signs of withdrawal (tremors, sweat)  appear when you don’t drink. As the effect of alcohol gradually loses its strength, the daily doses are increased to regain the effects of the first few times.

Alcoholic illness results in the loss of the freedom not to drink (freedom to be sober), accompanied by medical, psychological and social complications (such as progressive desocialization). It is a multifactorial disease in terms of both causes and manifestations and effects. Its development and evolution are part of a continuum with strong individual variations.

Wine and addiction alcoholism Psychology Psychologie, le vin et les addictions alcoolisme. pompette une bande dessinée sur l’alcoolisme. a comics about alcoholism

L’alcool est souvent consommé de manière festive. On boit pour célébrer, pour se féliciter, pour s’unir et pour s’aimer. Mais on évite bien souvent la question de la quantité. L’alcool devient ensuite un sujet tabou, dont il ne faut pas parler. Le mot maladie est difficile d’évoquer. En plus de s’interroger sur sa consommation d’alcool, il est important de se questionner sur ses propres stéréotypes et jugements. Les personnes atteintes de maladies alcooliques ne sont ni feignantes ni stupides, elles sont malades et éprouvent bien des difficultés à parler de leur maladie, tant elles se sentent jugées, et souvent peu légitimes de se considérer malades à cause du stigma social. La non reconnaissance de leur souffrance s’ajoute au poids de la maladie. 

Pour plus de détails, obtenez votre exemplaire de POMPETTE ici. 

Alcohol is often consumed in a festive context. We drink to celebrate, to congratulate ourselves, to bond and to love each other. But the question of quantity is often avoided. Alcohol then becomes a taboo, a subject that must not be discussed. The word disease is difficult to mention. In addition to questioning one’s own drinking, it is important to question one’s own stereotypes and judgments. People with alcoholic diseases are neither lazy nor stupid, they are sick and find it very difficult to talk about their disease, because they feel judged and often not legitimate to consider themselves sick because of the social stigma. The non-recognition of their suffering contributes to the weight of the disease.

For more details, get your copy of POMPETTE here.

The AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test)

L’AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) est une méthode simple et efficace de dépistage de la consommation excessive d’alcool, définie comme une consommation à risque ou dangereuse ou tout autre trouble lié à l’alcool.

Basé sur les données d’une étude multinationale menée en collaboration avec l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, l’AUDIT est devenu, depuis sa publication en 1989, l’instrument de dépistage de l’alcool le plus utilisé au monde. Il est actuellement disponible dans environ 40 langues.

Vous ne parlez pas anglais ? Cliquez ici pour faire le test dans votre langue maternelle.

The AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) is a simple and effective method of screening for unhealthy alcohol use, defined as risky or hazardous consumption or any alcohol use disorder.

Based on the data from a multinational World Health Organization collaborative study, the AUDIT has become the world’s most widely used alcohol screening instrument since its publication in 1989. It is currently available in approximately 40 languages.

You don’t speak English ? Click here to do the test in your native language. 

QUESTIONNAIRE : 

Please choose the answer that is correct for you

1. How often do you have a drink containing alcohol?
· Never
· Monthly or less
· 2-4 times a month
· 2-3 times a week
· 4 or more times a week

2. How many standard drinks containing alcohol do you have on a typical day when
drinking?
· 1 or 2
· 3 or 4
· 5 or 6
· 7 to 9
· 10 or more

3. How often do you have six or more drinks on one occasion?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

4. During the past year, how often have you found that you were not able to stop
drinking once you had started?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

5. During the past year, how often have you failed to do what was normally expected
of you because of drinking?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

6. During the past year, how often have you needed a drink in the morning to get
yourself going after a heavy drinking session?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

7. During the past year, how often have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after
drinking?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

8. During the past year, have you been unable to remember what happened the night
before because you had been drinking?
· Never
· Less than monthly
· Monthly
· Weekly
· Daily or almost daily

9. Have you or someone else been injured as a result of your drinking?
· No
· Yes, but not in the past year
· Yes, during the past year

10. Has a relative or friend, doctor or other health worker been concerned about your
drinking or suggested you cut down?
· No
· Yes, but not in the past year
· Yes, during the past year

Scoring the AUDIT

Scores for each question range from 0 to 4, with the first response for each question (eg never) scoring 0, the second (eg less than monthly) scoring 1, the third (eg monthly) scoring 2, the fourth (eg weekly) scoring 3, and the last response (eg. daily or almost daily) scoring 4. For questions 9 and 10, which only have three responses, the scoring is 0, 2 and 4 (from left to right).

– A score of 8 or more is associated with harmful or hazardous drinking

– A score of 13 or more in women, and 15 or more in men, is likely to indicate alcohol dependence.

Read more at AUDIT website

Les professionnels de la santé qui peuvent aider au traitement

Health professionals that can help treatment

De nombreux professionnels de la santé peuvent jouer un rôle dans le traitement. Vous trouverez ci-dessous une liste (non exhaustive) de soignants et le type de soins qu’ils peuvent proposer. Soyez toujours attentif au diplôme et à la certification du professionnel. La thérapie Cognitivo-comportemental est considérée, la plupart du temps, comme la principale psychothérapie pour ce type de pathologie, mais il est préférable d’en parler à votre médecin ou à un professionnel de la santé mentale afin de trouver le traitement le plus approprié pour vous. 

Cliquez sur ce lien pour en savoir plus sur les traitements. 

Visitez le site d’AUDIT pour plus de renseignements. 

Many health professionals can play a role in treatment. Below is a list of providers and the type of care they may offer. Be always attentive to the professional’s diploma and certification. Behavioral Treatment is seen, most of the time, as the main psychotherapy, but always talks to your doctor or mental health professionnal to find the more adequate treatment for you. 

Primary Care Provider (M.D., D.O, additionally you may see a Nurse Practitioner or Physician’s Assistant) 

– Psychiatrist (M.D., D.O.) Treatment : Medications, Behavioral Treatment

 –Psychologist (Ph.D., Psy.D., M.A.) Treatment : Behavioral Treatment

– Social Worker (M.S.W (Master of Social WOrk), L.C.S.W. (Licensed Clinical Social Worker) Treatment : Behavioral Treatment

 – Alcohol Counselor (Certification)Treatment : Behavioral Treatment

About the zine (click on the picture)

Wine and addiction alcoholism Psychology Psychologie, le vin et les addictions alcoolisme. pompette une bande dessinée sur l’alcoolisme. a comics about alcoholism

References

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